Classic Papers in Ecology

Chamberlin, T. C. (1897) Studies for students: the method of multiple working hypotheses. Journal of Geology 837-848.

Connell, J. H. (1961) The influence of interspecific competition and other factors on the distribution of the barnacle Cthamalus stellatus. Ecology 42: 710-723.

Connell, J. H. (1980) Diversity and the coevolution of competitors, or the ghost of competition past. Oikos 35: 131-138.

Crawley, M. J. (1989) Insect herbivores and plant population dynamics. Annual Review of Entomology 34: 551-564.

Ehrlich, P. R. & Raven, P. H. (1964) Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18: 586-608.

Fagerstrom, T. (1987) On theory, data, and mathematics in ecology. Oikos 50: 258-261.

Frost, T. M., DeAngelis, D. L., Bartell, S. M., Hall, D. J. & Hurlbert, S. H. (1988). Scale in the design and and intepretation of aquatic community research. Complex Interactions in Lake Communites. S. R. Carpenter. New York, Springer-Verlag: 229-258.

Godwin, H. (1923) Dispersal of pond flora. Journal of Ecology 11: 160-164.

Hairston, N. G., Smith, F. E. & Slobodkin, L. B. (1960) Community structure, population control, and competition. The American Naturalist 94: 421-425.

Huffaker, C. B. (1958) Experimental studies on predation: dipersion factors and predator-prey oscillations. Hilgardia 27: 343-383.

Hurlbert, S. H. (1984) Preudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs 54: 187-211.

Hutchinson, G. E. (1959) Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals? The American Naturalist 93: 145-159.

Jenny, H. (1941). Factors of soil formation; a system of quantitative pedology.

Lande, R. (1993) Risks of population extinction from demographic and environmental stochasticity and random catastrophes. The American Naturalist 142: 911-927.

Levins, R. (1966) The strategy of model building in population biology. American Scientist 54: 421-431.

Levins, R. (1969) Some demographic and genetic consequences of environmental heterogeneity for biological control. Bulletin of the Entomological society of America 15: 237-240.

Loehle, C. (1987) Hypothesis-testing in ecology: psychological aspects and the importance of theory maturation. The Quarterly Review of Biology 62: 397-409.

Lubchenco, J., Olson, A. M., Brubaker, L. B., Carpenter, S. R., Holland, M. M., Hubbell, S. P., Levin, S. A., MacMahon, J. A., Matson, P. A., Melillo, J. M., Mooney, H. A., Peterson, C. H., Pulliam, H. R., Real, L. A., Regal, P. J. & Risser, P. G. (1991) The sustainable biosphere initiative: an ecological research agenda. Ecology 72: 371-412.

MacArthur, R. H. and E. R. Pianka. (1966) On optimal use of a patchy environment. The American Naturalist 100:603-609

MacArthur, R. H. (1958) Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern conifer forests. Ecology 39:599-619.

Mackay, R. J. (1995) Writing readable papers: how to tell a good story. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 12: 381-388.

May, R. M. (1974) Biological populations with non-overlapping generations: stable points, stable cycles, and chaos. Science 186: 645-647.

Moran, P. A. P. (1949) The statistical analysis of the sunspot and lynx cycles. Journal of Animal Ecology 18: 115-116.

Odum, E. P. (1969) The strategy of ecosystem development. Science 164: 262-270.

Paine, R. T. (1966) Food web complexity and species diversity. The American Naturalist 100: 65-75.

Preston, F. W. (1962) The canonical distribution of commonness and rarity, Part I. Ecology 43: 185-215.

Preston, F. W. (1962) The canonical distribution of commonness and rarity, Part II. Ecology 43: 410-432.

Simberloff, D. & Wilson, E. O. (1969) Experimental zoogeography of islands: the clonization of empty islands. Ecology 50: 278-296.

Turchin, P. (1995). Population regulation: old arguments and a new synthesis. Population Dynamics. N. Capuccino and P. W. Price, Academic Press: 19-40.

Verner. (1977) On the adaptive significance of territoriality. The American Naturalist 111:769-775

Vitousek, P. (1982) Nutrient cycling and nutrient use efficiency. The American Naturalist 119: 553-572.

Whittaker, R. H. And P. P. Feeny. (1971) Allelochemics: Chemical interactions between species. Science 171(3973):757-770

Zuk, M. (1993) Feminism and the study of animal behavior. BioScience 43: 774-778.

Last update: 4/18/02 by Rebecca Burton, Dept. of Biology, Alverno College