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Assessment Essentials:
Definition of Terms

 

 



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Ability | Outcome | Performance | Criteria | Feedback | Externality | Self Assessment|



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Ability

  • Involves the whole person
  • Is an integration of skills, behaviors, knowledge, values, attitudes, motives or dispositions and self perceptions
  • Is developmental and can be learned
  • Can be assessed
  • Transfers across settings
  • Is continually re-evaluated and re-defined
  • Is important to personal and/or professional situations in life
  • Is appropriate to the mission/aims and educational philosophy of the institution or program

Outcome

Describes what a student will be able to do with what she knows in personal, professional, and/or academic contexts as a result of a set of learning experiences.

 

Performance

Demonstration of abilities in action in the kind of integrated situation in which students would use them in their life beyond campus

 

 

Criteria

Specific indicators of ability/knowledge as seen in performance.

Criteria provide a picture of ability/knowledge in action:

  • allowing an instructor/assessor to make judgments
  • helping a beginning learner imagine a successful performance
  • incorporating qualitative dimensions of performance

 

Feedback

  • Tells a student how well she is doing from a perspective outside herself
  • Like a mirror, provides a student with matter for both reflection and growth
  • Raises questions that enable a student to critique and further develop her abilities and ideas
  • Can assist a student to separate her performance from her judgment of self

 

Externality

Achievement of distance from classroom learning experiences by various degrees

 

 

 

Self Assessment

The ability of a student to observe, analyze, and judge her performance on the basis of criteria and determine how she can improve it

 

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Comments or Questions? Contact Jeana Abromeit
All materials copyrighted Alverno College 2001
Last Updated 10/19/06